Mergers & Acquisition have gained popularity throughout the world in the recent times. They have become popular due to globalization, liberalization, technological developments & intensely competitive business environment. Mergers and acquisition are a big part of the corporate finance world. This process is extensively used for restructuring the business organization. In India, the concept of mergers and acquisition was initiated by the government bodies. The Indian economic reform since 1991 has opened up a whole lot of challenges both in the domestic and international spheres. The increased competition in the global market has prompted the Indian companies to go for mergers and acquisitions as an important strategic choice.
The trends of mergers and acquisitions in India have changed over the years. The immediate effects of the mergers and acquisitions have also been diverse across the various sectors of the Indian economy. Mergers and Acquisitions (M&A) have been around for a long time and has experienced waves of popularity during these times and they are very much an important part of todays business world. They have also become increasingly international which can be due to the rising global competition. The popularity of cross-border M&As makes it important to look at them from an international perspective
As a subject in PGDM one studies the aspect of valuation in Mergers i.e. how a company decides about the amount that has to be paid for acquiring. Basically M&A emerged as a strategic issue but now a days, valuation aspect has gained more popularity.There are thousands of investment bankers who are daily engaged in valuations and in the coming years this trend is expected more in Banking sector as well as other sectors too. So one should study this subject in PGDM as well as PGDM (BFS).One will find this subject very interesting as it involves knowledge from every field.
They are suitable for those studying advanced undergraduate and MBA courses in top MBA colleges, industrial organizations, finance, business strategy, and corporate governance, as well as those preparing for exams set by professional bodies. Mergers & Acquisitions focuses on how to value and analyze opportunities in this market; how to design and value consideration and deal protection measures; how to initiate and defend against hostile bids; and how to integrate businesses after a deal is struck.
The recent acquisition of Zain by Bharti airtel is a well known example of this subject as once you start reading about the deal your interest keeps on increasing about the day to day news because people attached with this field have a zeal to know what will happen next, whether this deal will show positive signs or negative signs for the stock market. Mergers & Acquisitions teaches both qualitative and quantitative analysis: most cases require a balance of financial techniques and business judgment grounded in institutional facts. The course seeks to promote good judgment in the evaluation, structuring and management of mergers and acquisitions.