Accounting can be a very high pressure job. Making one small mistake could have devastating frequencies for the finances of a business or individual. Sometimes businesses actively seek to make, what they later claim to be mistakes, leading to accounting scams and scandals – this is a completely different matter.

Through the last few decades alone there have been plenty of accounting scams and scandals to look at. Here are three of the biggest accounting failures of recent years:

The Enron Scandal – A seemingly prosperous energy company founded in Omaha, Nebraska, USA in 1985. The Enron Corporation went bankrupt in 2001 after 16 years in operation. The Enron Scam included many acts of financial corruption including the inflation of revenue and the hiding of debts – both of which lead to the companies demise. Enron executives were also left to face imprisonment after the scandal was revealed. Whilst one of the world biggest accountancy partnerships Arthur Anderson was lead to dissolution because of their role within the misdealing.

The Parmalat Scandal – In 2003, Parmalat were consider the world leaders in UHT Milk production. However, the same year Parmalat S.p.A were forced to collapse owing to a 14bn ($20bn; 13bn) hole in their accounts. There accounting disaster was not only due to misplaced investment, but also non-existent cash funds, fake transactions and hidden debts.

The Waste Management Scam – Before the dissolution of Arthur Anderson in 2001 they were also fined a whopping $7 million for their role in the scandal of Waste Management Inc. It was in 1998 that Waste Management, a Texas company specialising in (you guessed it) waste management service, were revealed to have undergone an accounting scandal. The had made their after-tax profits look higher by augmenting the depreciation length of their plant, property and equipment. They were forced to pay $457 million to settle the legal proceedings, whilst stock prices dropped dramatically and executives were rapidly replaced.

The problems and difficulties that doctors face in their life is very different from those faced by people working in other professions and that is why, independent financial advice especially customized to the requirements of doctors is very much important because the one size fits all strategy will not provide the type of service needed.

Independent financial advice for doctors must be provided by professionals having in-depth knowledge of all the financial challenges which doctors face, from income protection, critical illness, health/life insurance, retirement plans, equity release funds to mortgages. It is also very necessary for the financial advisors to beware of all ins and outs of NHS remuneration, advantages, retirements packages and best mortgage deals available in the market.

As doctors continue their medical practice, they face various financial challenges. Customized independent financial advice for doctors helps them to get ready to overcome all these challenges at every stage of their career and life. This is due to the reason that once doctors start their practice, they have to repay their medical studies debt. In case, a young doctor takes a mortgage loan, he also needs to pay it back regularly. All these liabilities make the financial condition of doctors very tight but customized independent financial advice for doctors helps doctors to meet all these liabilities responsibly and secure their financial future.

When young doctors marry and have kids, they need to support their family while making a perfect balance between their family and professional life just like any other young professional does and all this cant be done without proper financial planning. Independent financial advice can help utilize their all their monies and enjoy their married life. Generally, doctors are at the peak of their earning capabilities when their kids grow up. This is a stage of life when all doctors work hard to afford the higher education of their kids. Customized independent financial advice for doctors helps them to do exactly that.

The last but the most important stage of doctors career is their upcoming retirement. This is a stage when doctors have maximum financial opportunities to plan an easy and comfortable life after their retirement. Thus, whatever type of job chosen by a doctors, whether it is private practice, general practice, or a hospital job, customized independent financial advice for doctors can help them face all kinds financial challenges, make the most of each of them and ensure a secure financial future. Whether it is choosing a good income protection or equity release funds scheme or grabbing the best mortgage deal for doctors, independent financial advice for doctor can help in every possible to make their life easy, secure and trouble-free.

Medics Financial Services are experienced in providing professional mortgage services and independent financial advice to the medical and dental professions including GP’s in practice partnerships or locum posts, hospital doctors, consultants, dentists and dental principals, vets and opticians.

Certified Financial Planner Certification is a mark of excellence granted to individuals who meet the stringent standards of education, Most of forex advisory services have the facility of sending short- and intermediate-term spot forex and currency futures recommendations, In todays increasingly competitive market, many CPA and Financial Planning firms are feeling that if they do not market. One of its most attractive features is that a unit trust will invest your money across a range of different kinds of investments. The usual reason for interest in any specific investment bank include: (a) a strong platform, which means strong coverage teams. The properties showcased by the Aspire service are added to the Emerges database after close consultation with the property owners. You want to start a business but have no money to start a business. Well there are many players who offer business loan services in the market.

Securities are created and issued by corporate bodies and governments, which are in need of funds to finance expansion or development projects. Network, a business division of NJ India Invest Pvt. Ltd., was established in year 2003 as a dedicated platform offering comprehensive services and support to the independent financial advisors. The financial crisis triggered aggressive and innovative central bank policy responses globally. In the US, we’re familiar with the Fed’s various emergency lending programs. The other hat is the BPO Center of Excellence. To explain how this evolved: when we started really looking across the business we realized that although many departments were starting to do outsourcing. An asset management solutions company aims to add value in your business by exploiting market inefficiencies in the areas of relative value. The most common debt planning advice from experienced financial advisers is to only spend what you can afford. Economically, these disasters can be devastating locally but are almost never big enough to sink national or global economies and, thus, aren’t big enough to derail global stocks. Versatility in the services offered by the chartered accountants is what makes them the most professional financial advisors.

Our recent economic crisis was the result of both irresponsible actions on Wall Street, and everyday choices on Main Street. The government wants the banks to lend more. Banks like lending. Lending is profitable for banks. The government wants to deter risky behavior by increasing taxes. Advisors to privately held businesses play a critical role in this Exit Strategies process. Privately held businesses have limited resources. Many financial dailies, business channels and even trading experts on the social networking sites provide real time trading advice continuously till the closing bell rings. The power of a penny stock is the fact that the shares are normally priced so low that there is an incredible amount of leverage available to the investor. A business owners exit is a once-in-a-lifetime transformation. Were not talking about selling a house or a car. In closing, most business owners will make up their minds to do something when they are good and ready to do so.


In this rapidly changing world, the need for an effective and efficient course of study has become very important. Finance is often confused with economics, but finance stands totally aloof of economics.Economics is the study of demand and supply of goods and services, finance deals with allocation of assets and capital of a company or its investors. Finance also includes managing of risks and time value of money which ensures a good return on the investment made. There are mainly two verticals attached with finance which are the most important aspects that a financial expert should inherit. The two verticals are mainly economics and finance. Finance has a very broad concept, even a little but good understanding of it can give you employment and earn you a great livelihood.
Many short term finance courses are available in the business institutions of the country. Through these finance courses you can get an opportunity of employment very easily and quickly. You can excel in it depending upon the level of intelligence, communication skills, risk taking and calibre you possess. A financial expert needs to be updated every now and then with the latest news and other risk involving factors as this can directly affect the risk involved in an investment. People interested in the finance sector should watch news on the television and read the newspaper very carefully so that they can analyse the various factors which can affect the investment plan.
There are a great number of finance courses in India available at the undergraduate and the post graduate level which can be completed in a short period of time. These courses can be done on a full time basis or part time basis as well. Many institutions which offer courses like MBA also offer short term courses in finance. These courses includes courses like Certified Financial Planner(CFP), certified financial analyst(CFA),post graduate course in financial valuation (PGCFV), post graduate course in financial research(PGCFR), etc.
The course of certified financial planner can be done on both part time and full time basis. CFP is the highest qualification which can be achieved by a financial planner in the whole world. Thefirst preference of leading Indian and foreign companies is a CFP qualified person. Post graduate course in financial valuation is a course of six to twelve month duration. It is a full time classroom program. It also includes lectures by professional experts to provide a better exposure to their students. It covers the most important topics of finance like finance valuation, financial research and data analysis, reporting of finance and strategic planning. Post graduate course in financial research includes topics like financial research,commodity and equity,investment banking, private equity and credit valuation. You can choose among the various available courses according to your interests and desire.
Short term financial courses help a person to get a job opportunity very quickly and within a few months it transforms a person into a financial expert. Fee structure of the course is variable according to different institutions.

Small entrepreneurs who dream to set-up their business but lack the resources often find themselves unable to follow their dreams. The entrepreneurs who dare to set up their business have to resort to bootstrapping, which means that they have to run their business with the bare minimum resources. This is the reason why the entrepreneurs who want to implement their ideas in their business are always on a lookout for investors who could help them with franchise financing. To carve a niche for themselves, they require the help of the investors who take keen interest in their business and show their support by pumping in the required resources. Franchise financing is a kind of financing where you invest in franchise to establish it as a known brand. To initiate the process, you can invest your retirement funds in your franchise and when you have something to show for the investment, you can go about finding franchise funding sources and get finance for your franchise.

There are certain factors which must fall in place when you wish to establish your own franchise. Owing to the immense competition, you need to be ahead of your rivals in all aspects. You may choose between several small business funding options which are available from time to time. There are fundraising events that take place, especially for the entrepreneurs who can attract the investors by the idea and the execution plan. Even If you are not able to find any investor for franchise financing, you can start with the retirement fund that you have accumulated over the years. After you have started your enterprise and have some achievements to show to the investors, you can expect funding for franchise. There are many business funding options in the market and the investors are also looking for entrepreneurs with novel ideas and abilities to execute them.

Where to avail services from experts in franchise financing?

These days, many entrepreneurs are keen on making their presence felt by rolling out their own franchise. Owing to the lack of funds, these entrepreneurs are always on the lookout of investors who can pump in resources in their startup. There are many companies which help the entrepreneurs to find the investors and explore franchise funding options for them. These companies possess a team of professionals who find the finance for the franchise. They work in close association with the entrepreneurs and help them find new avenues of franchise finance.

Financial planning as the name suggests are the methods or process of cleverly and wisely managing the finances so that monetary goals can be achieved alongside negotiations of financial barriers that seem to spring up at every crossroad of the journey!

Financial Planning is an assessment and evaluation of a persons current as well as future financial condition by using appropriate variables to foresee and predict future cash flows, asset values and plans of withdrawal if any. This planning warrants the use of a budget and a plan to organise an individuals finances and may include a series of measures and steps for spending and saving for the future.

Most of us have hopes and aspirations for ourselves which include buying a house, saving for higher education, or even taking that long sought after vacation.A retirement fund is also something that needs to be planned along with the present financial needs.

A financial planner hence is some person or an agency that helps an individual or a company that negotiates the challenges in doing the financial planning. He has the expertise and knowhow of exactly the type of financial program an individual or company may require at a given point of time. He is in a position to lend a third party view to trending financial plans and schemes. They help in setting realistic financial objectives and goals by assessing the present financial situation by running through the current, assets, liabilities, income and so forth. This helps in deciding upon a comprehensive plan which can go a long way in achieving monetary and financial goals.

While going ahead with financial planning with a budget in mind, it becomes important to draw in the services of a tax accountant as well.

A tax accountant basically handles company and individual taxes, audits and keeps a track and record of all of them. The primary task of a tax accountant is to calculate the earnings, fill in the documents and provide accurate tax statements.

An accountant of this calibre may work for an individual client or be a public tax accountant handling more than one client or companies simultaneously. He is responsible for understanding the prevailing market trends and also any agency and government regulations that may exist. He uses this knowledge to ensure that the clients or firms are in tune with the tax preparations and submissions of taxes properly. They are trained to understand research, translate and interpret tax laws applicable to the state as well as the country.

Financial planning done with fore sight and accuracy and operated within the legal parameters of tax declaration, submission and accountability makes the entire gamut of financial activities streamlined and simple. Working within the task laws means that the financial activity is legal and hence the risk of violation is eliminated.

You want to become a better manager of your own budget? Are you trying to figure out the world of investments? There are all kinds of financial freedom seminars available. Some of the ones that you hear about are really legitimate and can teach you a lot of information that will help you.

Unfortunately, there are also some that are advertised that are just money-making schemes. Be careful that you dont waste your time and money on something that turns out to be a scam!

There are legitimate companies which offer financial freedom seminars without charging a fee to the public. They may, however, sell their books and other things related to financial freedom.

One of these companies even offers people a free dinner at a local restaurant if people will come and listen to their financial freedom seminar lecture for several hours. Maybe it is worth it to listen for 3 or 4 hours. Most of us are likely to learn something just by listening to them share information.

What we wouldnt like is to feel pressured to buy their books and other supplies or to join some membership. One wonders if people are missing out by not showing up, listening to the lecture, and eating the free meal. Do you think they are for real?

There is an older man named Jim Sammons who claims that he teaches financial freedom seminars that are based on Biblical principles and are completely from a Biblical perspective. He claims that he went through a really bad time financially some time in his past and that he learned these principles then.

He shares from the Bible information about the universal financial principles as well as using examples from his own life. He also teaches some practical training about many things. Some of these topics are: What does it mean to be financially free? What are Gods 4 purposes for money? How can you tell the difference between real and false financial advice? What is the importance of tithing your income? How can a person live within their means? How does a consumer find the best buy for their money?

This is just one example of a financial freedom seminar that seems to be legitimate and not just out to rob you of your hard-earned money. There are many financial experts out there who can help you earn, save, and carefully spend your money.

One way to learn more about your financial future is television. There are often special programs on public broadcasting stations and other channels which will offer you honest to goodness help with your financial future.

Financial freedom seminars are great and really help if they are put together by folks who have integrity and really care about helping people. But remember its not just about getting money; its about how to invest it, save it, and make wise purchases. The combination of these factors may be outside the scope of some financial freedom seminars. Many of them are geared exclusively toward teaching you to earn money.

One excellent free source of information similar to or beyond what you might receive at a financial freedom seminar can be found on shows with expert Suzie Orman on CNBC. She teaches you how to take control of your personal financial situation. You can also learn a lot on financial programs on CNN, Fox and other news channels.

Before you attend paid financial freedom seminars, research the company to find out what they offer. Remember that some free financial freedom seminars may fall under the you get what you pay for heading. The information offered can be fluff with little to be learned except how to buy products or memberships from the company holding the seminar! You may find it worthwhile to go ahead and pay for one or more affordable financial freedom seminars. Its up to you to decide!

Mergers & Acquisition have gained popularity throughout the world in the recent times. They have become popular due to globalization, liberalization, technological developments & intensely competitive business environment. Mergers and acquisition are a big part of the corporate finance world. This process is extensively used for restructuring the business organization. In India, the concept of mergers and acquisition was initiated by the government bodies. The Indian economic reform since 1991 has opened up a whole lot of challenges both in the domestic and international spheres. The increased competition in the global market has prompted the Indian companies to go for mergers and acquisitions as an important strategic choice.

The trends of mergers and acquisitions in India have changed over the years. The immediate effects of the mergers and acquisitions have also been diverse across the various sectors of the Indian economy. Mergers and Acquisitions (M&A) have been around for a long time and has experienced waves of popularity during these times and they are very much an important part of todays business world. They have also become increasingly international which can be due to the rising global competition. The popularity of cross-border M&As makes it important to look at them from an international perspective

As a subject in PGDM one studies the aspect of valuation in Mergers i.e. how a company decides about the amount that has to be paid for acquiring. Basically M&A emerged as a strategic issue but now a days, valuation aspect has gained more popularity.There are thousands of investment bankers who are daily engaged in valuations and in the coming years this trend is expected more in Banking sector as well as other sectors too. So one should study this subject in PGDM as well as PGDM (BFS).One will find this subject very interesting as it involves knowledge from every field.

They are suitable for those studying advanced undergraduate and MBA courses in top MBA colleges, industrial organizations, finance, business strategy, and corporate governance, as well as those preparing for exams set by professional bodies. Mergers & Acquisitions focuses on how to value and analyze opportunities in this market; how to design and value consideration and deal protection measures; how to initiate and defend against hostile bids; and how to integrate businesses after a deal is struck.

The recent acquisition of Zain by Bharti airtel is a well known example of this subject as once you start reading about the deal your interest keeps on increasing about the day to day news because people attached with this field have a zeal to know what will happen next, whether this deal will show positive signs or negative signs for the stock market. Mergers & Acquisitions teaches both qualitative and quantitative analysis: most cases require a balance of financial techniques and business judgment grounded in institutional facts. The course seeks to promote good judgment in the evaluation, structuring and management of mergers and acquisitions.

When you are travelling abroad, there is a possibility of indulging in a little expenditure, be it for shopping or staying in a hotel. However, there is a high possibility of being at the receiving end of financial fraud or damage if you are not careful. In this article we give you relative information on how to reduce financial damage with a forex card.

Currency Fluctuations

Forex cards are ideally used to avoid the problem of currency fluctuations. When you top up the card, you normally top it up with the value of the currency from the country you will be visiting. Thus if you many any financial transactions in that country, you will be charged with the currency conversion rate at the time when the card was topped up. Therefore if the conversion rate is high you will not be at a loss by paying the higher amount. However, there is a high chance you will lose out if the conversion rate is low.

Limited Funds

A forex card has a limited amount of funds on the card. If you finish the funds on this card, there is a long process of reloading finance on the card which can be done only from the home country. Thus, this prevents you from over expenditure during your purchases. It also works beneficially to your advantage if the card is stolen or lost. If the card is stolen or lost, it can be remotely blocked. In such a case, the remaining funds can be transferred into the replacement card. Also, if there is any remaining funds in the card it can be transferred back into your account once you return back to your home country.

PIN Protected Cards

When you apply for this card, you normally receive a PIN code with it. This code can only be used by you alone and no one else. This code is created to prevent un-authorized usage of your card, without your knowledge. Any financial transactions will only take place once the PIN is used on the machine. This PIN can be changed only by you as long as the banking institute is aware of it. If there is any change in the PIN code, you will be immediately informed of it.

Updates on your Phone

If you are using you phone when you are travelling abroad, you ensure that you card is connected to you phone network where you can get alerts for all the financial transactions you undertake. Thus in this way, you can ensure that you aware of all the transactions that take place on your card. You can also get alerts when the funds of your cards are getting low and thereby reduce your expenditure.

No one likes to imagine that illness or death could compromise their family’s financial security. But, tragically and all too often, these things devastate families and leave them in a vulnerable financial position just when they need the most security. Spending only a few hours preparing for such a scenario might save your family needless trouble. Once, only fathers needed to worry about this, but today with two-earner families comprising the majority of American families, both partners should actively participate in planning to ensure financial security for themselves and their children.

At the very least, each partner should have a simple will specifying who will receive assets and who will take guardianship of the children. Financial professionals advise naming one person to control the financial assets and another person to take physical custody of the children. You can prepare your own wills by purchasing a kit online or at an office supply store. Although this is a good short-term solution, you should consult a lawyer as soon as possible, particularly if you have a lot of assets or there is disagreement in your extended family about who should serve as guardians for your children.

Adequate life insurance is also essential to protecting your family. The majority of Americans do not carry enough life insurance to ensure that their family will enjoy the same quality of life after their death. Simple term insurance is adequate for most people’s needs. Whole life policies rarely provide the same level of returns as other investments, such as stocks. Many insurance companies have life insurance calculators on their websites which will help you determine exactly how much insurance you need. Be sure to take into account any insurance provided by your employer. If one spouse stays home with the children, they should also be insured since the surviving partner will need to pay for child care and household services.

Most Americans are unaware that it is not death, but disability that most frequently causes financial problems for a family. Check with your employer to see if they offer short and long-term disability insurance. If not, have your insurance agent quote you for this essential coverage that will protect you and your family if you can no longer work.

Finally, long-term care insurance will cover nursing home or other types of ongoing residential care. Young people often overlook this coverage, thinking that it’s only for older people. However, head injuries, paralysis and other traumatic injuries often result in the need for long-term residential care.